Sunday, June 28, 2020

Writing an Observation Essay Made Easy

BLOG In: Popular topics Observation essays are different from other types of essays, such as argumentative or expository essays, because they dont require any analyzing and coming up with convincing arguments. The main purpose of observational essay is to demonstrate your observational skills, attention to details and receptiveness. This article will try to make writing an observation essay easy and effective. We will discuss the important characteristics of observation essays, as well as some tips on choosing right observation essay topic ideas. After you have composed your observational essay, you might like to order professional editing services from Star-Writers. Our editors will help your essay to stand out among the others, ensuring you good grades and positive impression on your teachers or professors. Features of Outstanding Observation Essay Star-Writers have a lot of experience in writing observation essays, thus they know which characteristic help to turn a mediocre essay into an outstanding one. If you face any difficulties in composing any kind of essay, you are welcome to ask our expert authors for writing assistance. There are some important features of this paper that you should keep in mind before you begin planning and outlining your observation essay: The main point of an observation essay is to describe a person, group of people, nature, event or a place. Later we will discuss how to choose a perfect topic for your observation essay; When composing an observation essay, you must always use a first person singular to present your observations. Dont be afraid to say I, which is usually too personal for other types of essays; Use present time to describe the place, even or people you are observing. Even if something you describe happened in the past, you should still use the present simple of continuous in your essay. Just try to imagine that the setting, person or events unfolding in front of your eyes as you write. Otherwise, you can write the first draft of your observation essay in the past and later change it to the present time; The observation essay style is often used in professional journalism reports. It allows readers to feel that they personally present at the event and witness it first-hand. You might like to read some of such news reports to get an idea how a good observational writing must look like. And later when you write your own paper, to make it more exciting, you can imagine yourself to be a journalist, who writes a field report; Make sure you use clear, precise, descriptive language when writing your observation essay. The narrative must be full of vivid details and imagery to make your readers feel that they also observe the same things. Use a good dictionary and thesaurus to find the most suitable words. However, if you are not sure in your skills with words, you can benefit from using our rewriting service. Star-Writers will help you to get all the words right; To make your description more vivid and immediate, use as many sensory details as possible. For example, write about the smell, colors, sounds, textures, etc.; Observation essay doesnt have the strict rigid structure like, for example, an argumentative essay. It is up to you what you write in each paragraph and the way you carry out your observations. However, there are some general requirements about the very first paragraph. It must set the theme of your essay and present the settings. It means you need to answer the questions of where, when, what and how the described happens. Developing Observation Essay Ideas Often college professors or school teachers give precise assignments for observational essays. They tell you exactly what you should write about, for example to observe an elderly couple in the park or people at some art exhibition. But it is also possible to have an open topic, meaning that it is up to you what to observe and write about. Your choice of a subject would also tell a great deal about your personality and worldview. If you feel at loss with topics for your observation essay, then these tips might help you to make a right choice: Consider the available options. If you live in the middle of the desert it would be impossible for you to observe the behavior of dolphins in their natural habitat. So when choosing a subject of your observation, think about what is available for you. If you live not far from the park, you might go there and watch people or nature. If you neighborhood is full with different cafes, you will surely be able to watch some fascinating characters down there; Consider your interests. It is much easier to write about something you like, so dont go to observe theater performance if you cant stand it. Make a list of things you really like, maybe it is car racing, arm wrestling or street dancing. Then choose out of this list a subject that is available for you to observe. You can also take a look at some popular topics ideas on our blog, maybe one would inspire you for your essay; When you settle for your so called field trip, dont forget to bring with you a pen and a notebook. As you observe your subject keep taking notes of everything you see, hear, smell and feel. These notes will greatly assist you later with outlining your essay; When you take your notes, pay attention not only to the subject itself, but at the things that happen around it; any interaction with the outside world, the weather at the moment of observation, the reaction of other people towards the observed subject. All these details are crucial for the success of you paper. Observation essay is an interesting and fairly simple paper to write. You dont need to do any previous research or analyze any data. All you need is a good subject and some time to perform the observation. However, dont let this simplicity trick you into taking this task too lightly. You have to remember about proper paragraph organization, grammar and punctuation. Star-Writers can help you to fix any structural or grammar errors that are present in your essay. Order our expertly editing and writing services for a very low price. Moreover, if you register right now, you will be able to receive a fabulous discount up to 20% for your first order.

Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Expository Essay Outline All You Need to Know

Expository essays are a preferred assignment used for various exams, such as SATs and the like. Just as other approaches (or modes of discourse), i.e., Description, Narration and Argumentation, expository writing has its own set of rules that one should follow in writing. Even though often confused with research writing, expository writing does not require as much depth in research. However, it does have the purpose of presenting an idea and then supporting it with evidence. Here we will take a closer look at how to write an outline for expository essay and provide other useful information that will help students master this assignment. What is an expository essay? An expository essay is an academic piece designed to investigate a certain scientific idea and illustrate it with evidence. Different techniques can be used for such illustration, compare and contrast being one of the most frequently used. Others include definition, providing examples, etc. The key elements of an expository essay Even though a standalone genre, an expository essay does not differ that much from other types of academic writing. It includes all the main elements – a thesis statement, a three-part structure, a list of sources used, and clear transitions between paragraphs. The rules of thesis writing for expository essay The best practices of thesis writing apply to expository essays as well. A thesis that you choose for your essay should be: Narrow so that you could focus on a certain area and avoid scattering your efforts across multiple fields. The only limit here should be availability of information – if your thesis statement is too narrow, you won’t be able to find enough information to base your research on. Relevant, so that it matches the prompt that you have received to write the assignment. If you roam too far away from the topic, you risk lowering your grade. Up-to-date for applicable fields. This rule does not apply if you are writing an expository essay in, say, history, but it should apply for all the sciences that deal with urgent issues, such as sociology. Succinct to be put in a single sentence. Debatable, which means opposing points of view should exist and they should not be in absolute minority. It’s absolutely normal to go through several iterations of your thesis statement before you reach the one that will be used in the paper. How to write introduction for expository essay Your thesis statement, as is the case with other papers, will be presented in the first part of your paper – the introduction. There are a few things that you should keep in mind when writing this chapter: It is better to write the introduction after you write all the other chapters, because then you will have a better idea of what should be included in it. The thesis statement comes around the end of the first paragraph of your introduction. Prepare the reader to your thesis statement – don’t assault them from the very beginning. Use attention hooks that will make sure your reader becomes interested in what you have to say and continues reading. The most frequently used attention hooks are quotations, statistics, and anecdotes. How to write the body for expository essay Body paragraphs in your expository essay should provide evidential support for your thesis statement. In writing them, stick to these best practices: Reserve each paragraph for each argument. The number of paragraphs in your body should indicate the number of arguments you have. Start every paragraph with a summarizing sentence. In other words, the evidential support should be presented in a summarized way in the first sentence with the rest of the paragraph reserved for elaborations and details. It helps to make your writing more comprehensible for readers. Every paragraph should be like a small article of its own. Ideally, it should be possible to change the sequence of paragraphs without losing much sense. Provide transitions between paragraphs so that the reader could understand how one idea arises from another one. Don’t be afraid to add a little bit of creativity to your body paragraphs so that your readers are entertained at least a bit. How to write a conclusion for an expository essay The conclusion chapter is one of the most difficult ones because students often simply reiterate what they have already said in the main part or, which is even worse, repeat their thesis statement. What should be done, however, is revisiting the thesis statement in view of the arguments provided in the body paragraphs. Best practices for conclusion writing include: Do not introduce any new information in your conclusion – it should elaborate on what has already been said. Do not restate your thesis statement. Map possible areas for further research. Write the conclusion after you wrote other chapters. Outline template for expository essay If you are struggling with an outline for your expository essay, here is a template to use: Introduction (1 page, a thesis statement is in the first paragraph) Body paragraph 1 – Evidential support summarized in the first sentence + details Body paragraph 2 Evidential support summarized in the first sentence + details Body paragraph 3 Evidential support summarized in the first sentence + details Conclusion – revisiting the body paragraphs and the thesis statement on their basis. This, of course, is the simplest expository essay outline that you could possible use. However, even with additional paragraphs and details, the fundamental structure will remain the same. So if you want to elaborate, take this as your starting point and build on it. General recommendations about writing an expository essay Here is some general advice on how you can simplify the writing process: Always review the assignment several times before you even start writing. It is all too often that students realize they have been answering the wrong question when there is almost no time left. Read it twice, then put it aside, and then read once again. Ask for a consult if needed. Always plan your time. As any other paper, an expository essay will require you to research sources, outline, draft, and edit. It all takes a lot of time and so should not be taken lightly. Spend half an hour planning and you might as well save hours of time and spare yourself lots of worrying. Ask a different person for review if possible. It is easy to miss the mistakes that you have made if you are proofreading by yourself. A different person has higher chances of spotting grammar mistakes, typos, and even logical flaws. Edit ruthlessly. The best kind of content, academic or otherwise, is born out of ruthless and extensive editing. If parts of your writing don’t fit the general writing, then you should drop them without mercy. Additional paragraphs of text, even nicely written and elaborately inserted, usually clutter your paper and prevent readers from understanding fully what you are trying to say. If something seems out of place, good chances are it is out of place. In general, writing an expository essay is not that difficult – you just need to get organized, plan your efforts, and not shy off research and hard work. With all those components, the result might be even better than you could expect.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Who s Harassing Whom - 976 Words

Marianne Jennings in â€Å"Who’s Harassing Whom?† writes, about her stand on women and sexual harassment. She adopts a stern and passionate tone in order to convince the audience of the responsibility women bear for being harassed. Jennings’s purpose is to highlight how some women bear part of the blame in the matter by choosing to stay in situations where they are the recipients of unwanted advances, because of personal ambition. Jennings in â€Å"Who’s Harassing Whom?† furthers her purpose by employing ethos, pathos, and logos to support her argument. In her article regarding sexual harassment, Jennings employs ethos in order to establish her character and credibility to lay a foundation to support her point of view. She seeks to persuade the†¦show more content†¦The writer appeals to logic by posing a rhetorical question to the audience, â€Å"how innocent are the victims of harassment anyway?† (256) when referring to women, allegedly harassed by their supervisor, at the â€Å"Ford plant in Chicago† (256). The writer states â€Å"they tearfully told of sleeping with their supervisors to keep their jobs† in order to show that women choose to sleep with their bosses instead of getting another job. Another way that Jennings supports her argument is by anticipating objections from the audience. She offers supporting evidence to counter the opposing view â€Å"either I stay here and get harassed †¦or leave and take another job for less pay† (256), in order to show that some women stay because money is more important than their â€Å"virtue† (256). The writer points out that people who think of sexual harassment in terms of money over their safety are people who make poor decisions. It seems that â€Å"$22.00 an hour† (256), the hourly pay at the Ford plant, is a good enough reason to put up with sexual advances. Through Jennings’s employment of logic, she successfully shows that women at the receiving end of sexual harassment are making flawed decisions by staying merely because of financial reasons. As a result, the writer suggests that women bear some responsibility by staying. Similarly, Jennings employs pathos in her article to appeal to the emotions of the reader to support her argument by citing a high-profile case and by using highlyShow MoreRelatedCyber Bullying Has Been Overlooked By Many Schools1383 Words   |  6 Pagesbeing done to the victim. Cyber Bullying can consist of name calling, harassing, starting a rumor, impersonating or creating a fake profile to harm someone online. Cyberbullying is a serious matter that has affected many people. There are plenty of terrible stories of how certain people were cyberbullied. Here is the story of Justine and how she handled her situation of cyberbullying. The story of Justine dealt with someone harassing her over email. This got so bad that there were 90 emails a day, justRead MoreAnalysis Of Jodhpur Girl Moves Petition And Annul Child Marriage991 Words   |  4 PagesIssues in Context. Web. 7 Feb. 2016. Summary: Santadevi, a nineteen year old Indian woman, was married as an infant. She and her parents now seek to annul her marriage on the grounds that it was an illegal union of minors, but Sanwlaram, the one to whom she was married, and the village community refuse to consent to this annulment and attempt to force her to accept the marriage with fines and threats of kidnap and ostracization. To the village community, local traditions and laws established by theRead MoreSexual Harassment At The Workplace1359 Words   |  6 Pagesemployment action;† this is referred to as quid pro quo. For example, if an employee complies with the harasser’s request, then she will get a raise. This unlawful act is usually presented in the workplace by a person who has an upper hand, such as a manager, to ensure that s/he will get what s/he wants. Employees are often victimized by fear that they will not get promoted or that they will get fired. They also dread that if a complaint is filed, it wil l not be handled correctly. â€Å"This instance of sexualRead MoreSexual Harassment And Gender Harassment1731 Words   |  7 PagesEmployers should make this a top priority and see that it is not effecting the performance of employees to achieve the goals of the organization (Collier 1995). Information had been gathered through a survey which included females from two diverse cultures who worked in a public-sector company. The results showed that inappropriate behavior and sexual harassment were co-related and harassment based on gender was a bridge amongst the two behaviors. In addition, these practices tend to happen again and againRead MoreShould Gay Rights Be Legal?1580 Words   |  7 Pagesto any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits and any other term or condition of employment. Gender identity discrimination, on the other hand, is more specific to people who don’t conform to stereotypes of gender identity and/or gender expression. Recently, however, some courts have concluded that transgender persons are protected from discrimination under Title VII and other sex discrimination statutes. Neither affinityRead MoreThe Homelessness Of The Homeless1745 Words   |  7 Pages One of the most discussed topics around the world is homelessness. Each and every day more and more people become homeless. People around the world have tried numerous times to resolve this dilemma. This situation is growing and it s starting to spiral out of control. One solution that is getting popular the more we let this situation grow is that criminalizing the homeless is ok. People cannot criminalize the homeless. Homeless people should not be criminalized because they have nowhere to goRead MoreShould Homelessness Be Criminalized?1747 Words   |  7 Pagesmost discussed topics around the world is homelessness. Each and everyday more and more people become homeless. People around the world hav e tried numerous times to resolve this dilemma. This situation is growing and it s starting to spiral out of control. One solution that s getting popular the more we let this situation grow is that criminalizing the homeless is good. People cannot criminalize the homeless. Homeless people should not be criminalized because they have nowhere to go, they haveRead MoreThe Feminist Theory Of Women1842 Words   |  8 Pageswith men causing it to be more of a feminist issue, as well as a gender role issue. Women have served in all the nation s wars, but today make up a larger percentage of the service than in previous conflicts. Sexual harassment is one thing that can’t be hidden in the workforce. One specific place that this tries to be hidden or kept a secret is in the United States Military. The U. S. Department of Defense is one of the biggest employers in the world (Alexander). They employ an estimate of 3.2 millionRead MoreThe Civil Rights Act Of Michelle Alexander s The New Jim Crow902 Words   |  4 Pages1903, Hon. Frank Moss, a former police commissioner of New York City, published this paragraph: For three years, there has been through the courts and the streets a dreary procession of citizens with broken heads and bruised bodies against few of whom was violence needed to effect the arrest. In a majority of such cases, no complaint was made. If the victim complains, his charge is generally dismissed. The police are practically above the law (Moss, 343). The most common cases of police brutalityRead MoreSleep Paralysis And Its Effects1695 Words   |  7 Pagesdown on your chest as he’s staring into your soul? Sound familiar? Well, it is for me, and it’s commonly known as Sleep Paralysis. This can be an extremely unsettling experience for many individuals, especially those who’ve been able to distinguish who the mysterious figure is, in most cases, Slender Man. There are several factors that play in Sleep Paralysis that make the occurrence so terrifying for countless individuals. Today, I will be sharing with you the horrific factors playing in Sleep Paralysis

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Past Perfect (Pluperfect) Definition and Examples

In grammar, the past perfect is an aspect of the verb that designates an action that has been completed before another past action. Formed with the auxiliary had and the past participle of a verb, its used to indicate a time further back in the past than the present perfect or the simple past tense. The tense is also known as the past perfective, the pluperfect, and the past-in-the-past. The Latin plus quam per fectum means more than perfect, and the French pronunciation of plus is close to ploo, which is where the term pluperfect came from. Past Perfect Examples From Literature Past perfect tense is everywhere, so just about any literature will have examples. Here are a few. Far worst of all, the fever  had settled  in Marys eyes, and Mary was blind.(Laura Ingalls Wilder, On the Banks of Plum Creek, 1937) On the Banks of Plum Creek is one of the books in the Little House on the Prairie series, which was turned into a long-running TV show. Walnut Grove, Minnesota, a town of fewer than 1,000 people, hosts throngs of people every summer at festivals related to the history and the books.   He camped that night on the broad Animas Plain and the wind blew in the grass and he slept on the ground wrapped in the serape  and in the wool blanket the old man  had given  him.(Cormac McCarthy, The Crossing, 1994) Coming-of-age novel The Crossing, set on the border of the Southwestern United States and Mexico during World War II, is noted for its spare dialogue and laconic characters. With his new, heightened feelings, he was overwhelmed by sadness at the way the others  had laughed  and  shouted, playing at war.(Lois Lowry, The Giver, 1993) The Giver, inspired by the memory loss of authors father, became a movie in 2014 starring  Meryl Streep and Jeff Bridges. One great source of pleasure to me was that my wife was delighted with the home I  had given  her amid the prairies of the far west.(William Frederick Buffalo Bill Cody, The Life of Hon. William F. Cody, 1889) Buffalo Bill Cody wrote his autobiography at age 33 and in it recounts his familys move to Kansas when he was a boy and his subsequent life on the frontier as a trapper, buffalo hunter, Army scout, and fighter. At fifteen life  had taught  me undeniably that surrender, in its place, was as honorable as resistance, especially if one had no choice.(Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1969) In I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, Maya Angelou depicts her tumultuous childhood spent between her mothers and grandmothers households, racism, her rape, and her journey to discover her identity and inner strength.  Ã‚   Functions of the Past Perfect With If Clauses As in other past tenses, the past perfect in a subordinate clause, called a  conditional clause,  may signify hypothesis, or something contrary to fact. A past perfect  modal, usually  would or could have, appears in the  main clause. In Sylvia Chalker and Edmund Weiners Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar, the authors give these examples: If you had told me before now, I could have helped. [But I didnt help.]If you had been coming tomorrow, you would have met my mother. [But you didnt meet my mother.] In Sidney Greenbaum and Gerald Nelsons An Introduction to English Grammar, the authors give these examples: If we had been there yesterday, we would have seen them. (But we were not there yesterday.)If he had been given a good mark, he would have told me. (But it seems that he was not given a good mark.) Using the Tense to Show Completion You may also use the past perfect to show completion. For example, She stood outside until he had gone.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Project Profile Of Smart Meetings - 1217 Words

CHAPTER -1 PROJECT PROFILE 1.Project Profile:- Project Title Smart Meetings Front End Java Development Kit Back End Java Runtime Environment Institute Sabar Institute of Technology For Girls Project Guided By Ms. Nidhi Patel Developed By Hirpara Rinkal L. (140660107012) Pathak Tanvi S.(140660107049) CHAPTER -2 ORAGANIZATION PROFILE 2.1Organization Profile:- NAME :- BISAG LOCATION:- Gandhinagar - Ahmedabad Rd, Infocity, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382421 EMAIL_ID:- WEBSITES:- 2.2ABOUT COMPANY ïÆ'Ëœ Development and Institutionalisation of Space†¦show more content†¦PHP Web Application Devlopment Open Source|WordPress|Joomala| Concrete5 E-Commerce Solution| OsCommerce| OpenCart| Magento Java Based Programs Zend Framework| CodeIgniter Job Portal | Auction Portal SearchEngineOptimization-SEO|WebDesign CHAPTER -3 INTRODUCTION 3.1 Project Details:- WHAT IS JDK? ïÆ'Ëœ The Java Development Kit (JDK) is a software development environment used for developing Java applications and applets. It includes the Java Runtime Environment (JRE), an interpreter/loader (java), a compiler (javac), an archiver (jar), a documentation generator (javadoc) and other tools needed in Java development. WHY JDK SELECTED ? ïÆ'Ëœ IT IS OPEN SOURCE :- one perk of using an open source system is that you do not have to pay any money for it. whereas some closed source systems will sap you for cash, there are bigger advantages to using open source software like jdk. ïÆ'Ëœ EASE OF USE:- Some things may be difficult to figure out; thankfully JDK is not one of those things. The coding language is simple which means that it is easy to learn even without prior programming knowledge. ïÆ'Ëœ DYNAMIC WEB PAGES :- There is posting, photo browsing, a search bar, liking and commenting options, etc. Each of these functions could be served by JDK, but gains a technical advantage due to its compatibility with C++. 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Sugar Is an Addiction - 1254 Words

In today’s world with the rapid growth in population the societies are facing some of the major issues like obesity, health problems, early deaths and abnormal psychological and physical behavior. These concerns lead scientist to perform test to study the changes around the globe. Now if review one major aspect that is being under discussion by the people is the â€Å"sugar controversy â€Å"declaring sugar as an addiction like any other drug heroine, morphine or codeine. In early times sugar was taken as a pleasure of life and with passage of time it became a need for people and dependency on the product increased making its use in not just food items but also†¦show more content†¦(Avena et al., 2004. There are many experiments done which concluded the fact the addictive medication stimulate DA-comprising neurons and these neurons target the areas n brain that give boost to the addiction. Brain has a passageway in brain that links the individual to the sentiment of reward this is known as mesolimbic dopamine system. This circuit (VTA-NAc) basically exhilarate the reward system, manages humans response to rewards. Any substances that stimulate the release of DA constantly fall in the category of items that can be addictive now this process can be control through self-administration. There is range of foods that can discharge DA in the NAc, consist of lab chow, sugar, saccharin, and corn oil (Bassareo and Di Chiara, 1997; Hajnal et al., 2004; Liang et al., 2006; Mark et al., 1991; Rada et al., 2005b). The increase in space outside the cells carries on the meal in rats that are distressed due to lack of food (Hernandez and Hoebel, 1988). Though, in animals with full appetite, this DA release is highly dependent on the uniqueness or freshness of food as the level of urge has declined with constant access even if the food is pleasant. Only to the exception to the animals that were deprived of foodShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Sugar Addiction On The Body803 Words   |  4 Pagesportray table sugar, and other artificial sweeteners as fuel needed by the body. Though body and body cells need sugar as fuel source. The body mechanism is just like the case of engine, there are bad fuels which can destroy engine. Table sugar is just a bad fuel for the body. Several researc h studies have arraigned sugar first culprit for the epidemics of complicated health problems such as diabetes, obesity, heart disease and cancer. Worst of it, several research now ranking sugar as addictive substanceRead MoreObesity And The Brain : How Convincing1154 Words   |  5 Pagesthe food addiction and it effect on an individual health. Food is necessary for the life and our body need the nutrient to produce energy and do everyday activity. 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Grand Wine Case Study

Questions: 1.Conduct SWOT Analysis giving 5 Points each for S, W,O,T as per Descriptions below to help Project Managers.2.Prepare Project Charter.3.Prepare Communications Plan. Answers: Introduction Grand wines is a wine company in Sydney. You are the employee of the company and are the project manager of a proposed project in which you have to equip the 20 sales representatives of the company with a wireless device so as to take the orders, feed the data into the system. This will help the company meet the orders in time, reduce the cost of travel and the control of error which humans make while entering the data in the system. The budget for the project is 600000 AUD and the duration is six months. 1.SWOT Analysis Strength If the company is going to implement this wireless system of providing wireless device to clients for taking orders, it will help strengthening the business of the company. They have a set of 20 representatives operating over all areas of NSW. They service around 400 liquor and wine shops in the state which is a good network. The current manual system will become merchandise. The wireless system will help utilize the efficiency of sales representatives in other business chores. Weakness The current weakness of the firm is that they are working on a manual system of taking customer orders and processing the data manually which may cause various human err. The as is system takes time to deliver the order to customer. At least one day is lost in supplying. Travel cost to be incurred by the company, since the salesman needs to travel to the main branch for passing the order to the team. Sales representatives does not know the inventory position which leads to the delay in order delivery. Tracking of orders is difficult since the system is manual and there is no maintenance of data properly. Opportunity Opportunity for the firm is to strengthen the business by implementing this wireless device system. Since they are struggling with the competition, this is a good move to be taken forward The system shows an improvement in the efficiency of sales rep. They will know the current inventory position. The stock will not be delayed and will lead to customer satisfaction. Threat Competition is the biggest threat for Grand wines. Competitors are performing better in terms of Delivery speed Order accuracy Customer satisfaction Availability of stock Wireless system after lying in place, may cause some data loss. Power and data connection will be required. A server needs to be set up in Sydney which will incur some fixed cost. (Scott E. Chapa, 2002) 2.Project Charter Title Of The Project Wireless Data Entry System Name Of The Project Manager Students Name E-Mail Project Manager Students Email Id Project Objectives Main objectives for the project are: Reduce the customer lead time. Sales representatives to be aware about the latest inventory position before taking the order. Reduce the human error by making the manual data entry system mechanical. Increase customer satisfaction. Stay ahead in competition and focus on getting more business. (Davidson Frame, 2014) Major Deliverable I Deliverable Description Server Installation Server installation in Sydney Wireless Devices up running Manual Data entry system is no more a problem Executive Milestones Estimated Completion Timeframe Project planning Two weeks after project concept is approved First version completed Three weeks after requirements analysis is done Server Installation Four weeks after kick off Connection to 20 wireless devices Four weeks after server installation Training of Salesforce Three weeks before project delivery Project Delivery Final week of the sixth month Acceptance Criteria Project Start Date: 21.12.2016 Project End Date: 21.05.2017 Project duration is six months after the start date. Project budget: AUD 60000 All stakeholders involved will be satisfied at the end of the project. Customer satisfaction Increment in the sales of Grand Wines current financial year Assumptions and Constraints Wireless system to be implemented is genuine and perfect. There will be data connectivity at all times. All sales representatives are okay with the new system of data entry and are trained to use that. Customer requirements are constant and will not change depending on the system of data entry. Constraints: Budget is 60000 AUD and duration is 6 months. Stakeholders Name Role Email Students Name Project Manager Students email Mr XYZ CEO, sponsor of the project Mr XYZ1 Team leader for the project Mr XYZ2 IT personnel Mr XYZ3 Advisor Mr XYZ 4 Research Department Other stakeholders are: 20 Sales representatives Customer base of Grand Wine Grand wine 400 retailers (Ponnappa, 2014) Lessons Learned Various kinds of wireless devices are available in the market. Keeping in mind the requirement of sales rep and matching it with the devices available in the market, one device needs to be selected. 20 devices are to be bought keeping in mind the budget allotted. Possible Pitfalls Data connectivity Uninterrupted power supply for main server Efficiency of the IT personnel No glitches in server installation Budget Allocation IT personnel payment: 5000 AUD Cost of Server: 10000 AUD Server installation charges: 5000 AUD Cost of 20 wireless devices: 20000 AUD Training to the sales force: 10000 AUD Miscellaneous expenses: 10000 AUD Approach Analyse the AS IS process and work on the TO BE process Conduct a survey with customers about the drawbacks of current system and collect their feedback. Work on the anomalies in current system with brain storming. Market study of the wireless devices available for data entry. Analysis of the pros and cons of the mechanical data entry system if any data loss can happen and make arrangements accordingly. Buy a sample system, implement it and take customer feedback, if the feedback is good then implement it for other 19 sales representatives. Training of sales men on how to use the new device for data entry. Since we are getting sponsorship, we need to see what we are giving back to the sponsor, that agreement is also need to be focussed on. (Mikkelsen, 2002) Project Sign Off Once the project is completed, as per the deadline, the project is prepared for sign off. Project implementation is done. As a project manager, it is my responsibility to utilise all the available resources as per their competence and skills and meet all the milestones on time. 3.Communication Plan The wireless data entry system once implemented will help the company increase business sales, satisfaction of customer. Project Requirment A server needs to be installed in the main office of Sydney. We may require some application software to be installed for making the server run. Some hardware like the wireless device and some computers are required. Security plan if some data loss occurs in later point of time. Alternate source of power in case power failure takes place. Mode of communication between all the resources will be through e mails and phone calls. Written communication is a favourable mode. All the requirements will be documented and shared with the team. Weekly meetings will be held after each milestone to judge where we are lagging. Do we require more resources? What all needs to be done to complete the project on time. Plan Purpose All stakeholders need to be identified as per the table shared above with everyone clear about their roles. Necessary information and data will be shared with the team members. All meetings venue to be decided. Timings of the meeting will be shared a day before for locking the calendars. Agenda for the meeting will be disclosed in the mail. Project Success If the project is completed within the specified timeline and the budget with all requirements met, then the project is considered to be successful. The customers should be satisfied at the end when the wireless devices are being used. Inventory should be properly managed as per the order stock coming. Sales of the firm should improve in Sydney if all stakeholders have started using the wireless device rather than the manual data entry system. This will reduce anomalies too which used to happen during manual data entry. References: Davidson Frame, J. (2014). Reconstructing project management. Project Management Journal, 45(1), e2e2. doi:10.1002/pmj.21387 Ponnappa, G. (2014). Project Stakeholder management. Project Management Journal, 45(2), e3e3. doi:10.1002/pmj.21400 Mikkelsen, H. (2006). Quality of project work and project management. International Journal of Project Management, 8(3), 138143. doi:10.1016/0263-7863(90)90014-3 Handheld Computers for Data Entry: A Data Services Approach Using Java TM and XML Scott E. Chapal, Ichauway, Inc., Newton, GA(2002)